1944 Steel Penny – Value, Mint Types, Info, History, and Investment Outlook

1944 steel penny auction

The 1944 Steel Penny is one of the most expensive coins in existence.

Most probably created by accident, this off-metal error coin relates to WWII, as the copper that was traditionally used was required for a number of military-related purposes as the US battled Axis powers in multiple theatres.

  • 1994 Steel Penny Investment Rating: 4.5 out of 5 (we should see a steady rise in ROI over the next 20 years)
  • Ownership Disclosure: None
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    Here’s a rundown of everything you need to know about the 1944 steel penny, including typical values, the history of the coin, and exactly why it’s worth so much in the first place.

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    1944 Steel Penny – Mint Types

    As it was produced in error, there’s only one mint type when it comes to the 1944 steel penny. Here’s everything you need to know about the rare coin.


    1944 Steel Penny

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    It’s thought that there are up to two dozen copies of the 1944 steel penny in existence, but how was it made in the first place?

    It’s likely that a few steel planchets (a plain metal disc used to create a coin) were leftover from ‘43 when steel was briefly used for coins.

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    If you think you might have found an elusive 1944 steel penny, here’s what to do.

    First of all, get some scales ready!

    1944 steel pennies weigh 2.7 grams, compared to 3.11 grams found with the ordinary copper coin. 

    Alternatively, you could use a magnet to check out the steel content contained within. If it sticks to the magnet, you could be in luck.


    What does a 1944 steel penny look like?

    A 1944 steel penny looks like a normal penny but not copper in color and could look much more the color of a dime.


    1944 Steel Penny – Values

    A coin in average condition has an estimated value of at least $77,000.

    A copy found in certified mint state (MS+) condition could be worth $110,000 at auction.

    Their rarity is one reason why they’re so expensive, but it’s also down to the composition of the coin itself. Zinc-coated steel is an unstable alloy, and many of the coins suffer from some form of damage or rusting.

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    Due to the vast sums, they sell for, there’s a not-insignificant black market, with a number of fakes and forgeries being sold at any given time.

    We’d stick to graded options with clear provenance, and be wary, especially if a deal seems too good to be true.


    1944 Steel Penny – Info and History

    1943 saw a switch to a zinc-coated steel composition to help save copper for World War II ammunition, although the coin left many people confused, as it was regularly mistaken for a dime.

    It was also susceptible to rust, which leads to issues with the overall condition in the present day. (The coin also didn’t work well with existing vending machines.)

    Due to the reasons seen above, they switched to the Wheat Penny composition of 95 percent copper and 5 percent zinc.

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    Even though the United States Mint switched pennies from a steel composition to copper in 1944, some steel planchets were left behind in the presses, presumably by accident. 

    Thus, the 1944 Steel Penny was created.

    Despite sometimes being called ‘silver pennies’, these 1944 coins actually have no silver content whatsoever.


    1944 Steel Penny Auctions

    The best place to purchase a 1944 Steel Penny is eBay auctions or Heritage auctions.

    eBay may have a greater selection but Heritage will normally have the higher value 1944 Steel Penny up at auction.


    1944 steel penny how many were made

    More than two billion 1944 steel pennies were made.


    1944 Steel Penny – Buyers Rating and Investment Outlook

    It’s hard to do better if you’re looking for the rarest coins that come with a significant price tag attached.

    Investment Rating: Strong Buy (4.2 out of 5)
    Ownership Disclosure: None

    The 1944 steel penny is a mistake, but it’s a wonderful one, and the reason for its existence is steeped in history that is important for the US, and the world itself. 

    With limited copies and the majority being worth tens of thousands of dollars, it’s clearly a great choice if you’re looking for a solid investment piece that is likely to retain value in the long term.

    Just keep an eye out for fakes and forgeries, such as zinc-coated copper pennies which are regularly mis-sold as the real deal.

    How much is a 1944 steel penny worth?

    A 1944 Steel Penny MS+ should go for more than $100,000.

    How do I know if my 1944 penny is steel?

    To know if your 1944 penny is steel please find a magnet and test to find out if it is the valuable steel penny or not as steel will stick to the magnet.

    Why is the 1944 penny rare?

    The 1944 penny is rare simply due to the fact that not many were made in the first place.

    Why is the 1944 steel penny so valuable?

    The 1944 steel penny is so valuable because the 1943 and 1944 pennies are the only ones to be made out of steel, therefore, being coins that are pennies!

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